Prophetic ways for Beginning & End of the Month of Ramadan
There are various Hadiths guiding us regarding the Month of Ramadan, few are given below
Ibn Nafi’ narrates that Imam Malik said:
If an Imam does not fast according to the sighting of the crescent and does not break his fast according to the sighting of the crescent but instead relies on astronomical calculations then he is not to be followed or obeyed (in that regard).
Ahmad ad-Dardir said:
“The start of Ramadan is established either by completing the thirty-days of the month of Sha’ban or by the sighting of the crescent, not by astronomical calculations according to the mashhur because the legislator—Allah, Subhanahu wa Ta’ala—made the ruling dependent (only) on the sighting of the crescent or the completion of thirty-days for Sha’ban.”
Ahmad Zarruq said:
“It is apparent from his (ibn Abi Zayd) words that no attention should be given to those who follow astronomical calculations, and this is the truth.”
There are different ways of Moon sightings are established for month of Ramadan,
- News of the sighting is brought from a person who himself heard it from a trustworthy person.
- By testimony of someone who heard the news of the sighting from another trustworthy person.
- By someone who heard the news of the sighting from the testimony of another.
- By means of testimony of someone based on the testimony of another person.
In all four cases, the judgement is the same: if the testimony, which is transmitted, is confirmed as being credible by the person in authority, like the Khalifa or a local person in authority, then fasting is obligatory upon all those whom the news reaches and is not classed in the category of testimony. What’s important is that certainty be obtained and uncertainty removed.